Indexed on: 30 Sep '16Published on: 30 Sep '16Published in: Chemistry & Biodiversity
The chemical diversity of Z. zanthoxyloides growing wild in Senegal was studied according to volatile compound classes, plant organs and sample locations. The composition of fruit essential oil was investigated using an original targeted approach based on the combination of gas chromatography (GC) and liquid chromatography (LC) both coupled with mass spectrometry (MS). The volatile composition of Z. zanthoxyloides fruits exhibited relative high amounts of hydrocarbon monoterpenes (24.3-55.8%) and non-terpenic oxygenated compounds (34.5-63.1%). The main components were (E)-β-ocimene (12.1-39%), octyl acetate (11.6-21.8%) and decanol (9.7-15.4%). The GC and GC-MS profiling of fruit essential oils showed a chemical variability according to geographical locations of plant material. The LC-MS/MS analysis of fruit oils allowed the detection of seven coumarins in trace content. The chemical composition of fruit essential oils was compared with volatile fractions of leaves and barks (root and trunk) from the same plant station. Hexadecanoic acid, germacrene D and decanal were identified as the major constituents of leaves whereas the barks (root and trunk) were dominated by pellitorine (85.8% and 57%, respectively), an atypic linear compound with amide group. The fruit essential oil exhibited interesting microbial activities against S. aureus and C. albicans, particularly the alcohol fraction of the oil. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.