Chemical compositions of the rhizome oils of two Alpinia species of Malaysia.

Research paper by Hasnah M HM Sirat, Norazah N Basar, Nor Akmalazura NA Jani

Indexed on: 07 Jun '11Published on: 07 Jun '11Published in: Natural product research


The essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation of the rhizomes of Alpinia aquatica Rosc. syn. Alpinia melanocarpa and Alpinia malaccensis Roscoe were analysed by capillary gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Eighteen compounds, representing 98.4% of the essential oil were identified in A. aquatica rhizome oil, with β-sesquiphellandrene in 36.5% being the major constituent, while 20 compounds representing 99.7% of the rhizome oil of A. malaccensis were identified, among which methyl (E)-cinnamate (78.2%) was the major constituent.