Chemical composition of clump stars in the open cluster NGC 6134

Research paper by Šarūnas Mikolaitis, Gražina Tautvaišienė, Raffaele Gratton, Angela Bragaglia, Eugenio Carretta

Indexed on: 24 May '10Published on: 24 May '10Published in: arXiv - Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics


We present an analysis of high-resolution spectra of six core-helium-burning "clump" stars in the open cluster NGC 6134. Atmospheric parameters T_eff, log_g, v_t, and [Fe/H] were determined in our previous study by Carretta et al. (2004). In this study we present abundances of C, N, O and up to 24 other chemical elements. Abundances of carbon were derived using the C_2 Swan (0,1) band head at 5635.5 A (FEROS spectra) and the C_2 Swan (1,0) band head at 4737 A (UVES spectra). The wavelength interval 7980-8130 A, with strong CN features, was analysed in order to determine nitrogen abundances and 12^C/13^C isotope ratios. The oxygen abundances were determined from the [O I] line at 6300 A. Compared with the Sun and other dwarf stars of the Galactic disk, mean abundances in the investigated clump stars suggest that carbon is depleted by about 0.2 dex, nitrogen is overabundant by about 0.3 dex and oxygen is underabundant by about 0.1 dex. This has the effect of lowering the mean C/N ratio to 1.2 +- 0.2. The mean 12^C/13^C ratios are lowered to 9 +-2.5. Concerning other chemical elements, the analysis of sodium and magnesium lines (in NLTE), lines of other alpha-elements, iron-group and heavier chemical elements gave abundance ratios close to the solar ones.