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Chemical and pharmacological profiles of Echinacea complex.

Research paper by Peter P Capek, Martina M Šutovská, Michaela M Kocmálová, Soňa S Fraňová, Izabela I Pawlaczyk, Roman R Gancarz

Indexed on: 23 May '15Published on: 23 May '15Published in: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules



Abstract

Echinacea purpurea has a long history in traditional medicine. To verify the pharmacological efficacy of active principles, a polysaccharide-phenolic-protein complex has been isolated from flowering parts of herb by alkaline extraction. It showed on GPC and HPLC one peak of molecular mass around 10 kDa. Chemical and spectroscopic analyses revealed carbohydrate, phenolic and protein contents in Echinacea complex. Pharmacological tests have shown its marked cough suppressing and bronchodilatory effects. The antitussive effect of Echinacea was similar to the narcotic drug codeine and the bronchodilatory effect was more significant than salbutamol, the antiasthmatic drug used in a clinical practice. Pharmacodynamic study shows the beneficial effects of Echinacea complex on the respiratory system and highlights the great potential for development of antitussive and bronchodilatory drugs from natural sources.