Indexed on: 09 Apr '09Published on: 09 Apr '09Published in: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Chebulagic acid (CA), a natural anti-oxidant, showed potent anti-inflammatory effects in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7, a mouse macrophage cell line. These effects were exerted via inhibition of NO and PGE2 production and down-regulation of iNOS, COX-2, 5-LOX, TNF-alpha and IL-6. CA inhibited NF-kappaB activation by LPS, and this was associated with the abrogation of IkappaB-alpha phosphorylation and subsequent decreases in nuclear p50 and p65 protein levels. Further, the phosphorylation of p38, ERK 1/2 and JNK in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells was suppressed by CA in a concentration-dependent manner. LPS-induced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was also effectively inhibited by CA. These results suggest that CA exerts anti-inflammatory effects in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages by inhibition of NF-kappaB activation and MAP kinase phosphorylation.
Indexed on: 05 Jun '07
Published on: 05 Jun '07 in Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry