Charge separation measurements in $p$($d$)+Au and Au+Au collisions; implications for the chiral magnetic effect

Research paper by STAR Collaboration

Indexed on: 10 Jun '20Published on: 07 Jun '20Published in: arXiv - Nuclear Experiment


Charge separation ($\Delta S$) measurements, obtained relative to the $2^{\rm{nd}}$-order ($\Psi_2$) and $3^{\rm{rd}}$-order ($\Psi_3$) event planes with a new charge-sensitive correlator ${R_{\Psi_m}(\Delta S)}$, are presented for $p$($d$)+Au and Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$~GeV. The correlator, which is sensitive to the hypothesized Chiral Magnetic Effect (CME), show the expected patterns of background-driven charge separation for the measurements relative to $\Psi_3$ and those relative to $\Psi_2$ for the $p$($d$)+Au systems. By contrast, the Au+Au measurements relative to $\Psi_2$, show event-shape-independent ${R_{\Psi_2}(\Delta S)}$ distributions consistent with a CME-driven charge separation, quantified by widths having an inverse relationship to the Fourier dipole coefficient $\tilde{a}_1$, which evaluates the CME. The extracted values of these widths and their dependencies on centrality and event-shape give new constraints for possible CME-driven charge separation in relativistic heavy-ion collisions.