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Characterization of three Chlorella sorokiniana strains in anaerobic digested effluent from cattle manure.

Research paper by Naoko N Kobayashi, Eric A EA Noel, Austin A Barnes, Andrea A Watson, Julian N JN Rosenberg, Galen G Erickson, George A GA Oyler

Indexed on: 05 Nov '13Published on: 05 Nov '13Published in: Bioresource Technology



Abstract

Chlorella sorokiniana CS-01, UTEX 1230 and UTEX 2714 were maintained in 10% anaerobic digester effluent (ADE) from cattle manure digestion and compared with algal cultivation in Bold's Basal Medium (BBM). Biomass of CS-01 and UTEX 1230 in ADE produced similar or greater than 280mg/L after 21days in BBM, however, UTEX 2714 growth in ADE was suppressed by more than 50% demonstrating a significant species bias to synthetic compared to organic waste-based media. The highest accumulation of protein and starch was exhibited in UTEX 1230 in ADE yielding 34% and 23% ash free dry weight (AFDW), respectively, though fatty acid methyl ester total lipid measured less than 12% AFDW. Results suggest that biomass from UTEX 1230 in ADE may serve as a candidate alga and growth system combination sustainable for animal feed production considering high yields of protein, starch and low lipid accumulation.