Indexed on: 01 Aug '95Published on: 01 Aug '95Published in: Current Genetics
In the methylotrophic yeast Hansenula polymorpha, approximately 25% of all methanol-utilization-defective (Mut-) mutants are affected in genes required for peroxisome biogenesis (PER genes). Previously, we reported that one group of per mutants, termed Pim-, are characterized by the presence of a few small peroxisomes with the bulk of peroxisomal enzymes located in the cytosol. Here, we describe a second major group of per mutants that were observed to be devoid of any peroxisome-like structure (Per-). In each Per- mutant, the peroxisomal methanol-pathway enzymes alcohol oxidase, catalase and dihydroxyacetone synthase were present and active but located in the cytosol. Together, the Pim- and Per- mutant collections involved mutations in 14 different PER genes. Two of the genes, PER5 and PER7, were represented by both dominant-negative and recessive alleles. Diploids resulting from crosses of dominant per strains and wild-type H. polymorpha were Mut- and harbored peroxisomes with abnormal morphology. This is the first report of dominant-negative mutations affecting peroxisome biogenesis.