Characterization of Aeromonas hydrophila strains and their evaluation for biodegradation of night soil

Research paper by Lokendra Singh, M. Sai Ram, M.K. Agarwal, S.I. Alam

Indexed on: 01 Aug '00Published on: 01 Aug '00Published in: World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology


Among 67 psychrotrophic bacterial isolates of Leh, India screened for production of hydrolytic enzymes at 10 °C, four belonging to Aeromonas hydrophila were characterized and evaluated for biodegradation of night soil. All strains produced metalloproteases on a variety of carbon and nitrogen sources. Strains LA1 and LA15 also produced α-amylase and PC5 both α- & β-amylase. No amylase was produced by PN7, however it produced lipase. Casein and glucose induced maximum enzyme activity (protease and amylase) in LA15 and PC5, respectively. In LA1, maximum induction of protease was observed with casein and of amylase with maltose. Corn oil/tributyrin served as the best inducers for protease and lipase production by PN7. A. hydrophila strains were found to be psychrotrophic with optimum growth and enzyme activity at 20 and 37 °C, respectively. Maximum biodegradation of night soil was observed by strain LA1 at 5–20 °C.