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Characterization and management of the keratocystic odontogenic tumor in relation to its histopathological and biological features.

Research paper by Rui Amaral RA Mendes, João F C JF Carvalho, Isaac I van der Waal

Indexed on: 02 Mar '10Published on: 02 Mar '10Published in: Oral Oncology



Abstract

Keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT), formerly referred to as odontogenic keratocyst, is a benign neoplasm of odontogenic origin which may present an aggressive and infiltrative behavior leading to high recurrence rates. A review of the various treatment modalities, ranging from simple enucleation to radical surgery is portrayed in relation to clinical, radiological, histopathological and molecular features. Although prognostic factors based on clinico-pathologic and immunohistochemical findings for determining the potential for recurrence of KCOT still remains unclear, its use for determining the potential for recurrence of KCOT after surgical treatment may become important to successfully manage this neoplasm's aggressive behavior. The key element for future management of KCOTs will probably be based on thorough knowledge of the biological basis of this tumor, thereby enabling a more tailored treatment approach.