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Center driven pressure clamped hydraulic pump

Imported: 24 Feb '17 | Published: 06 Jan '04

Dennis G. Ewald

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

The problem of aligning the drive shaft of a pressure clamped pump with the output shaft of a drive motor in a hydraulic apparatus is solved through the use of pressure clamped pump having a housing adapted for installation into a cavity and a drive shaft coincident with the center of the housing. The hydraulic apparatus may include piloting features configured to facilitate alignment of the pump drive shaft with the output shaft of a motor used to drive the pump. The pump may include elements for retaining the drive shaft within the pump, and may also include a larger and less restricted inlet than could be achieved in prior pressure clamped pumps. The pump may include pumping means in the form of a gear pump having a single primary gear driving a single secondary gear. The pumping means may alternatively be a gear pump having a single primary gear driving two or more secondary gears. Where the pumping means includes two or more secondary gears, the drive shaft may be coincident with the center of the housing. The primary gear may also have a prime number of teeth to reduce wear.

Description

The foregoing and other features and advantages of my invention will become further apparent from the following detailed description of exemplary embodiments, read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. The detailed description and drawings are merely illustrative of my invention rather than limiting, the scope of the invention being defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a cross sectional view of a prior pressure clamped hydraulic pump;

FIGS. 2-4 are views of a prior hydraulic apparatus including the prior pressure clamped hydraulic pump depicted in FIG. 1, illustrating shortcomings in prior pressure clamped hydraulic pumps;

FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of a pressure clamped pump having a drive shaft extending along a central axis of the pump housing, according to my invention;

FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the pump of FIG. 5, taken along lines

6

6 as indicated in FIG. 5;

FIG. 7 is a partial cross-sectional view of the pump of FIG. 5, taken along lines

7

7 as indicated in FIG. 6;

FIG. 8

a is a partial cross-sectional view of a hydraulic apparatus including the pump of FIG. 5;

FIG. 8

b is a schematic illustration of a second embodiment of an exemplary hydraulic apparatus including a pressure clamped pump according to my invention;

FIGS. 9

a-c are views of a hydraulic apparatus including a pressure clamped hydraulic pump according to my invention, illustrating advantages provided by my invention as compared to a hydraulic apparatus using prior pressure clamped hydraulic pumps;

FIGS. 10 and 11 are sectional views of an alternate embodiment of a pump, according to my invention, having a pumping means in the form of a gear pump with a single primary gear driving a pair of secondary gears; and

FIG. 12 is a sectional view of a pump according to my invention, having pumping means in the form of a gear pump with a single primary gear driving four secondary gears.

Claims

1. A pressure clamped hydraulic gear pump comprising:

2. The pump of claim 1 wherein the housing is cylindrical and extends from a first to a second end of the housing along an axis coincident with the 10 center of housing.

3. The pump of claim 2 wherein the housing includes threads on an outer periphery thereof, the threads being adapted for threaded installation and retention of the pump along the axis in a cavity having threads configured for mating with the threads on the outer periphery of the housing of the pump.

4. The pump of claim 1 having an inlet coincident with the center of the housing.

5. The pump of claim 1 further comprising means for retaining the drive shaft in the pump.

6. The pump of claim 1 wherein the housing defines a central axis, an inlet and an outlet, the drive shaft extends from the housing along the central axis, and the pump further comprises a plurality of pump components positioned in axially disposed relation to one another, the pump components including:

7. The pump of claim 6, wherein the pump components comprise a front cover, a rear cover and a gear housing disposed between the front and rear covers.

8. The pump of claim 7, wherein the pumping means comprises a gear pump having primary and secondary gears meshed with one another.

9. The pump of claim 8 comprising one primary gear and two or more secondary gears, the secondary gears meshing with the primary gear.

10. The pump of claim 9 wherein the primary gear has a prime number of gear teeth.

11. The pump of claim 8, including drive and idler shafts rotatably supported in bores in the front and rear covers, the primary gear being fixed to the drive shaft and the secondary gear being fixed to the idler shaft, the primary and secondary gears being disposed in the gear housing between the front and rear covers.

12. The pump of claim 11, wherein the idler shaft is rotatably supported in one of the bores by a pair of retaining rings engaging the idler shaft on opposite sides of the gear housing.

13. The pump of claim 11, wherein one end of the drive shaft extends through the front cover, the one end having a drive connection and a seal means at the one end for sealing the drive shaft at the front cover.

14. The pump of claim 11 wherein the drive shaft is rotatably retained within one of the bores by a pair of retaining rings engaging the drive shaft on opposite sides of the gear housing.

15. The pump of claim 7, wherein the housing has a first axial area internally of the housing and the second pressure acts upon the first axial area, the rear cover having a second axial area externally of the rear cover greater than the first axial area.

16. The pump of claim 7, wherein the inlet comprises an axially directed opening in the rear cover and the outlet comprises a radial passage in the rear cover.

17. The pump of claim 16, wherein the inlet is disposed coincident with the central axis.

18. The pump of claim 6, wherein the means for applying the second pressure to at least some of the pump components to hold the plurality of pump components together in the axially disposed relation without applying a separate clamping force to the components in a direction parallel to the housing axis comprises a plurality of pins extending through holes in the components.

19. The pump of claim 6, wherein the housing includes an external thread for threadably securing the pump in a cavity.

20. A hydraulic apparatus comprising a block including a cavity and a pressure clamped hydraulic gear pump in the cavity, the pressure clamped hydraulic gear pump having a housing clamped by hydraulic fluid pressure and defining a central axis, the pump further including a drive shaft extending along the central axis, the block further including an inlet channel and an outlet channel, the inlet channel communicating with the cavity and an inlet of the pump, and the outlet channel communicating with the cavity and an outlet of the pump.

21. The hydraulic apparatus of claim 20 wherein the pump further includes a plurality of pump components positioned in axially disposed relation to one another, pumping means located in the housing for drawing fluid into the inlet at a first pressure and pumping the fluid from the outlet at a second pressure greater than the first pressure, the drive shaft extending from the housing along the central axis being operatively connected to the pumping means for drawing fluid into the inlet at a first pressure and pumping the fluid from the outlet at a second pressure greater than the first pressure when the drive shaft is rotated about the central axis, the housing having a first internal axial area upon which the second pressure acts and a second external axial area greater than the first axial area; and the hydraulic apparatus further includes

22. The hydraulic apparatus of claim 21 further comprising a motor connected to the drive shaft for rotating the drive shaft about the central axis.

23. The hydraulic apparatus of claim 20 further including means for aligning an output shaft of a motor with the drive shaft of the pump.

24. The hydraulic apparatus of claim 23 wherein the block includes the means for aligning the output shaft of the motor with the drive shaft of the pump.

25. The hydraulic apparatus of claim 24 wherein the motor includes a pilot disposed coincident with the drive shaft and the block includes a pilot recess disposed coincident with the cavity for receipt of the pilot.

26. The hydraulic apparatus of claim 21, wherein the pump components comprise a front cover, a rear cover and a pumping means housing disposed between the front and rear covers.

27. The hydraulic apparatus of claim 26, wherein the front cover of the pump has an external thread coincident with the central axis and the cavity has an internal thread, the external thread of the front cover being threadably engaged with the internal thread of the cavity.

28. The hydraulic apparatus of claim 26, wherein the sealing means comprises a first O-ring seal mounted on the rear cover around the pump outlet and further including a second O-ring seal mounted on the front cover for sealing the pump in the cavity.

29. The hydraulic apparatus of claim 26, including drive and idler shafts rotatably supported in bores in the front and rear covers, a primary gear fixed to the drive shaft and a secondary gear fixed to the idler shaft, the primary and secondary gears being disposed in the pumping means housing between the front and rear covers.

30. The hydraulic apparatus of claim 29 comprising one primary gear and two or more secondary gears, the secondary gears meshing with the primary gear.

31. The hydraulic apparatus of claim 30 wherein the primary gear has a prime number of gear teeth.

32. The hydraulic apparatus of claim 29, wherein the idler shaft is rotatably supported in one of the bores by a pair of retaining rings engaging the idler shaft on opposite sides of the gear housing.

33. The hydraulic apparatus of claim 29, wherein one end of the drive shaft extends through the front cover, the one end having a drive connection and a seal means at the one end for sealing the drive shaft at the front cover.

34. The hydraulic apparatus of claim 29 wherein the drive shaft is rotatably retained within one of the bores by a pair of retaining rings engaging the drive shaft shaft on opposite sides of the gear housing.

35. The hydraulic apparatus of claim 26, wherein the pump inlet comprises an axial opening in the rear cover and the pump outlet comprises a radial passage in the rear cover.

36. The hydraulic apparatus of claim 35, wherein the pump inlet is coincident with the central axis.

37. The hydraulic apparatus of claim 20, wherein the block is a valve block and the pump supplies pressurized hydraulic fluid to a hydraulic cylinder.

38. The hydraulic apparatus of claim 21, including means for holding the plurality of housing components together in axially disposed relation without applying a clamping force to the components in a direction parallel to the housing axis.

39. The hydraulic apparatus of claim 38 wherein the means for holding the plurality of housing components together in axially disposed relation without applying a clamping force to the components in a direction parallel to the housing axis comprises a plurality of pins extending through holes in the components.

40. A pressure clamped hydraulic gear pump for pumping a fluid, the pump comprising:

41. A pressure clamped hydraulic gear pump comprising:

42. The pump of claim 41 wherein the primary gear has a prime number of gear teeth.

43. The pump of claim 41 wherein the housing defines a central axis, and the pump further includes a drive shaft coincident with the central axis of the housing.

44. The pump of claim 43 wherein the drive shaft is operatively attached to the primary gear for driving the primary gear.

45. The pump of claim 41 having a separate inlet and outlet for each secondary gear.

46. The pump of claim 45 wherein the housing defines a central axis and an outer generally cylindrical periphery thereof extending generally parallel to the axis, the inlets are generally axially directed, and the outlets exit through the cylindrical periphery of the housing.