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Cellulosic ethanol production on temperature-shift simultaneous saccharification and fermentation using the thermostable yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus CHY1612.

Research paper by Hyun-Woo HW Kang, Yule Y Kim, Seung-Wook SW Kim, Gi-Wook GW Choi

Indexed on: 29 Sep '11Published on: 29 Sep '11Published in: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering



Abstract

In cellulosic ethanol production, use of simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) has been suggested as the favorable strategy to reduce process costs. Although SSF has many advantages, a significant discrepancy still exists between the appropriate temperature for saccharification (45-50 °C) and fermentation (30-35 °C). In the present study, the potential of temperature-shift as a tool for SSF optimization for bioethanol production from cellulosic biomass was examined. Cellulosic ethanol production of the temperature-shift SSF (TS-SSF) from 16 w/v% biomass increased from 22.2 g/L to 34.3 g/L following a temperature shift from 45 to 35 °C compared with the constant temperature of 45 °C. The glucose conversion yield and ethanol production yield in the TS-SSF were 89.3% and 90.6%, respectively. At higher biomass loading (18 w/v%), ethanol production increased to 40.2 g/L with temperature-shift time within 24 h. These results demonstrated that the temperature-shift process enhances the saccharification ratio and the ethanol production yield in SSF, and the temperature-shift time for TS-SSF process can be changed according to the fermentation condition within 24 h.