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Cellular incorporation into electrospun nanofibers: retained viability, proliferation, and function in fibroblasts.

Research paper by John A JA van Aalst, Courtney R CR Reed, Li L Han, Tony T Andrady, Michael M Hromadka, Susan S Bernacki, Kamalkumar K Kolappa, James B JB Collins, Elizabeth G EG Loboa

Indexed on: 25 Apr '08Published on: 25 Apr '08Published in: Annals of plastic surgery



Abstract

Nanofibers are an emerging scaffold for tissue engineering. To date no one has reported cell incorporation into nanofibers. Human foreskin fibroblasts and human adipose-derived adult stem cells (hADAS) were grown to confluence, resuspended in phosphate-buffered saline, and then solubilized in polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). Nanofibers were created using an electrospinning technique across an electric potential of 20 kV. Cell interaction with nanofibers was assessed with optical microscopic imaging and scanning electron microscopy. PVA nanofibers with incorporated cells were then solubilized in phosphate-buffered saline; cell viability was assessed by trypan blue exclusion. Viable cells were allowed to proliferate. Chondrogenesis in fibroblasts was induced with TGF-beta1. Both fibroblasts and hADAS survived the electrospinning process and were incorporated into PVA nanofibers. hADAS cell proliferation was negligible; however, fibroblasts proliferated and showed retained ability to undergo chondrogenesis. Cells can be incorporated into nanofibers, with maintained viability, proliferation, and function.