Indexed on: 23 Jan '21Published on: 02 Oct '19Published in: Cells
Mast cells contain large amounts of proteases stored within their secretory granules. Previously we showed that one of these proteases, tryptase, in addition to its location within granules, can also be found within the mast cell nucleus, where it has the capacity to affect the acetylation profile of nucleosomal core histones in aging cells. Based on this notion, and on the known sensitivity of mast cells to modulation of histone acetylation, we here asked whether tryptase could impact on the responses against cellular stress caused by disturbed histone acetylation status. To address this, wild-type and tryptase-deficient (Mcpt6−/−) mast cells were subjected to cell stress caused by trichostatin A (TSA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor. Wild-type and Mcpt6−/− mast cells were equally sensitive to TSA at an early stage of culture (~8 weeks). However, in aging mast cells (>50 weeks), tryptase-deficiency led to increased sensitivity to cell death. To address the underlying mechanism, we assessed effects of tryptase deficiency on the expression of markers for proliferation and cell stress. These analyses revealed aberrant regulation of thioredoxin, thioredoxin reductase, glutaredoxin, and glutathione reductase, as well as blunted upregulation of ribonucleotide reductase subunit R2 in response to TSA in aging cells. Moreover, the absence of tryptase led to increased expression of Psme4/PA200, a proteasome variant involved in the processing of acetylated core histones. Altogether, this study identifies a novel role for tryptase in regulating the manifestations of cell stress in aging mast cells.