Indexed on: 05 Apr '16Published on: 05 Apr '16Published in: Scientific Reports
Paired receptors on NK cells recognize similar ligands with varied strength of binding ability and perform different functions. The CD300 molecules are emerging as novel immune regulators in health and disease due to their interaction with their lipid-nature ligands. Particularly, the paired receptors CD300c and CD300a have been shown to elicit activating and inhibitory capabilities, respectively. In the current study, we seek to investigate the expression and function of CD300c on human NK cells. We demonstrate that IL-2 and IL-15 treatment significantly induce CD300c expression exclusively on CD56(bright) NK cells. CD300c up-regulation requires STAT5 and its expression is inhibited by IL-4. Consistently, IL-2 secreted from activated CD4(+) T cells specifically induces the expression of CD300c on CD56(bright) NK cells. Crosslinking CD300c with a specific antibody enhances the proficiency of CD56(bright) NK cells to degranulate and induce chemokine and cytokine secretion. We also show the differential binding of CD300a and CD300c to their ligands phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and phosphatidylserine (PS) and their differential ability to affect CD56(bright) NK cell functions. Our results provide an insight into the novel set of paired receptors CD300a and CD300c that are distinctively expressed on CD56(bright) NK cells with varied effector functions.