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Cavity magnon polariton based precision magnetometry

Research paper by N. Crescini, C. Braggio, G. Carugno, A. Ortolan, G. Ruoso

Indexed on: 10 Aug '20Published on: 07 Aug '20Published in: arXiv - Quantum Physics



Abstract

A photon-magnon hybrid quantum system can be realised by coupling the electron spin resonance of a magnetic material to a microwave cavity mode. The quasiparticles associated with the system dynamics are the cavity magnon polaritons, which arise from the mixing of strongly coupled magnons and photons. We illustrate how these particles can be used to probe the magnetisation of a sample with a remarkable sensitivity, devising suitable spin-magnetometers which ultimately can be used to directly assess oscillating magnetic fields. Specifically, the capability of cavity magnon polaritons of converting magnetic excitations to electromagnetic ones, allows for translating to magnetism the quantum-limited sensitivity reached by state-of-the-art electronics. Here we employ hybrid systems composed of microwave cavities and ferrimagnetic spheres, to experimentally implement two types of novel spin-magnetometers.