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Catabolism of the groundwater micropollutant 2,6-dichlorobenzamide beyond 2,6-dichlorobenzoate is plasmid encoded in Aminobacter sp. MSH1.

Research paper by Jeroen J T'Syen, Bart B Raes, Benjamin B Horemans, Raffaella R Tassoni, Baptiste B Leroy, Cédric C Lood, Vera V van Noort, Rob R Lavigne, Ruddy R Wattiez, Hans-Peter E HE Kohler, Dirk D Springael

Indexed on: 10 Jul '18Published on: 10 Jul '18Published in: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology



Abstract

Aminobacter sp. MSH1 uses the groundwater micropollutant 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM) as sole source of carbon and energy. In the first step, MSH1 converts BAM to 2,6-dichlorobenzoic acid (2,6-DCBA) by means of the BbdA amidase encoded on the IncP-1β plasmid pBAM1. Information about the genes and degradation steps involved in 2,6-DCBA metabolism in MSH1 or any other organism is currently lacking. Here, we show that the genes for 2,6-DCBA degradation in strain MSH1 reside on a second catabolic plasmid in MSH1, designated as pBAM2. The complete sequence of pBAM2 was determined revealing that it is a 53.9 kb repABC family plasmid. The 2,6-DCBA catabolic genes on pBAM2 are organized in two main clusters bordered by IS elements and integrase genes and encode putative functions like Rieske mono-/dioxygenase, meta-cleavage dioxygenase, and reductive dehalogenases. The putative mono-oxygenase encoded by the bbdD gene was shown to convert 2,6-DCBA to 3-hydroxy-2,6-dichlorobenzoate (3-OH-2,6-DCBA). 3-OH-DCBA was degraded by wild-type MSH1 and not by a pBAM2-free MSH1 variant indicating that it is a likely intermediate in the pBAM2-encoded DCBA catabolic pathway. Based on the activity of BbdD and the putative functions of the other catabolic genes on pBAM2, a metabolic pathway for BAM/2,6-DCBA in strain MSH1 was suggested.

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