Case study of a health optimizing physical education-based comprehensive school physical activity program.

Research paper by Cate A CA Egan, Collin A CA Webster, Gregory L GL Stewart, R Glenn RG Weaver, Laura B LB Russ, Ali A Brian, David F DF Stodden

Indexed on: 17 Oct '18Published on: 17 Oct '18Published in: Evaluation and Program Planning


In this article, we report a qualitative case study, in which we examined enablers and barriers related to the development, implementation, and sustainability of a comprehensive school physical activity program (CSPAP) aligned with the Health Optimizing Physical Education (HOPE) curriculum model at a middle school. Literature on program-diffusion and school-university partnerships guided data collection and analysis. Data sources included semi-structured interviews with the program implementation team (n = 9) and the school's health and physical education teachers (n = 7); a focus group interview with students; documents (e.g., lesson plans), and observations. Constant comparison techniques were used to code and draw out themes from the data. Findings revealed the extensive effort needed for program implementation and highlighted the importance of strong external support mechanisms, conducting needs assessments, and training teachers to market physical activity programming. Partnerships may provide critical support for schools in their efforts to generate and sustain CSPAPs. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.