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Case Series Investigating the Efficacy and Safety of Bilateral Fluocinolone Acetonide (ILUVIEN(®)) in Patients with Diabetic Macular Edema: 10 Eyes with 12 Months Follow-up.

Research paper by Ibrahim I Elaraoud, Hibba H Quhill, Fahd F Quhill

Indexed on: 27 Apr '16Published on: 27 Apr '16Published in: Ophthalmology and Therapy



Abstract

This short case series presents the results from 5 patients with bilateral chronic diabetic macular edema (DME), 12 months after they were initially treated with ILUVIEN (®) [0.2 μg/day fluocinolone acetonide (FAc)].Ten eyes from five patients with pseudophakic lenses were investigated. Patients had bilateral, chronic DME and had received prior laser and anti-VEGF therapy. Visual and anatomic outcomes were investigated 12 months post-FAc implant in both eyes.At baseline, central retinal thickness (CRT) was 645.3 ± 176.1 microns (mean ± standard deviation), intraocular pressure (IOP) was 13.7 ± 3.6 mmHg and visual acuity (VA) was 44.5 ± 18.6 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) letters. Mean CRT improved at 6 months (341.7 ± 169.7 microns) and 12 months (287.4 ± 103.1 microns) and there were concurrent improvements in VA (ETDRS letters were 56 ± 16 and 55 ± 16 at 6 and 12 months, respectively). Mean IOP was stable throughout and ≤21 mmHg. Left and right eyes were compared in the 5 patients by plotting changes in CFT, IOP and VA at 12 months, from baseline levels.This bilateral case series demonstrates the effectiveness of a sustained, controlled low dose of FAc in the management of bilateral DME over a 12-month period. The FAc implant has shown to work well in treatment of bilateral DME, although longer follow-up of these patients is still needed.Publication charges were funded by Alimera Sciences Ltd.