Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula caused by Persistent Primitive Trigeminal Artery Aneurysm rupture: A case report.

Research paper by Yu Y Fan, Yuechun Y Li, Tianyou T Zhang, Changchun C Jiang, Peng P Zhang

Indexed on: 20 Sep '20Published on: 24 Aug '19Published in: Journal of Stroke & Cerebrovascular Diseases


Carotid-Cavernous sinus fistula (CCF) caused by a ruptured aneurysm of persistent primitive trigeminal artery (PPTA) is exceptionally rare. Herein, we reported the case of a 64-year-old female who presented with headache, pulsatile tinnitus, and diplopia. Angiography showed a PPTA and CCF. Three-dimensional digital subtraction angiograms revealed a direct shunt between the PPTA aneurysm and the left cavernous sinus. The trigeminal carotid fistula was successfully treated with detachable coils and Onyx, and the PPTA was preserved. Hence, coil and Onyx occlusion of the cavernous sinus is a safe and effective treatment for trigeminal carotid fistula. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.