Indexed on: 01 Oct '18Published on: 01 Oct '18Published in: International Journal of Clinical Practice
To investigate the association between metabolically healthy obese (MHO) phenotype and the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). 9393 subjects aged ≥40 years were enrolled in the cohort study (2011-2015). The participants were stratified by body mass index category and metabolic risk at baseline, and incidence of CVD was ascertained at follow-up. The MHO accounted for 6.7%. Compared with the metabolically healthy normal weight (MHNW) group, MHO subjects demonstrated increased risk of CVD events (HR =1.91; 95% CI, 1.13-3.24). In people with obesity, there was no significant difference on increasing risk of incidence of CVD in the metabolically unhealthy individuals compared with metabolically healthy individuals (HR =1.19; 95% CI, 0.74-1.91). Female (OR =1.97; 95% CI, 1.06-3.64), smoking (OR =2.09; 95% CI, 1.06-4.10), a larger waist circumference (OR =1.07; 95% CI, 1.03-1.10) and higher LDL cholesterol levels (OR = 1.55; 95% CI, 1.20-2.00) were independent risk factors of the development of the MHO to the metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) phenotype. The risk of CVD events of MHO phenotypes is similar to MUO phenotypes; both are higher than the MHNW phenotypes. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.