Indexed on: 06 Sep '08Published on: 06 Sep '08Published in: Internal Medicine Journal
Cardiac involvement in systemic sarcoidosis is common; however, current diagnostic tools are imprecise. Recognition of cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) is important as it has a relatively poor prognosis. Gadolinium-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (Gad-CMR) is emerging as an excellent technique in determining the presence of and extent to which cardiac muscle is affected by sarcoidosis.A retrospective analysis was performed on all patients with biopsy-proven systemic sarcoidosis referred for Gad-CMR scanning to evaluate potential cardiac involvement. All patients also underwent an electrocardiogram, Holter monitor and echocardiography. Gallium-67 radionuclide investigation, positron emission tomography and cardiac biopsy were ordered at the discretion of the treating physician.Eleven of the 20 patients had Gad-CMR images supportive of the diagnosis of CS. Eight of these 11 patients met the Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare (JMHW) criteria for the diagnosis of CS; three abnormal Gad-CME scans consistent with diagnosis of CS were seen in patients who did not meet JMHW criteria. No patients with normal Gad-CMR scan met JMHW criteria for CS.These findings suggest that Gad-CMR is potentially superior to the JMHW criteria in the diagnosis of cardiac sarcoidosis.