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Cardiac dysrhythmias in children with idiopathic dilated or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Research paper by G G Müller, H E HE Ulmer, K J KJ Hagel, D D Wolf

Indexed on: 01 Mar '95Published on: 01 Mar '95Published in: Pediatric Cardiology



Abstract

To assess the incidence and prognostic significance of cardiac dysrhythmias in children with idiopathic dilated or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, the clinical course of 59 patients was retrospectively reviewed over a period of 27 years. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) was diagnosed in 28 patients and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in 31 patients. The mean age at the time of diagnosis was 2.8 +/- 0.7 years in DCM patients and 6.7 +/- 0.8 years in HCM patients. Mean follow-up time after diagnosis of cardiomyopathy was 4.1 +/- 1.0 years in DCM patients and 6.6 +/- 0.8 years in HCM patients. Clinically significant cardiac dysrhythmias were found in 17 of 59 patients (29%): 7 of 28 patients (25%) with DCM and 10 of 31 patients (32%) with HCM. The initial diagnosis of a cardiac dysrhythmia was made by standard electrocardiography in 12 of 17 patients (71%) and by 24-hour Holter monitoring in 5 of 17 patients (29%). Ventricular dysrhythmias were present in 5 of 7 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and in 5 of 10 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. During the followup time, death occurred in 18 of 59 patients (31%): 8 of 59 patients (14%) died from congestive heart failure and 10 of 59 patients (17%) died suddenly. Among the sudden deaths were 4 of 28 patients (14%) with dilated cardiomyopathy and 6 of 31 patients (19%) with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Cardiac dysrhythmias had been documented in 6 of the 10 patients dying suddenly (3 of 4 patients with DCM and 3 of 6 patients with HCM).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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