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Cancer mortality among Brazilian dentists.

Research paper by Sergio S Koifman, Thainá Alves TA Malhão, Gisele G Pinto de Oliveira, Volney V de Magalhães Câmara, Rosalina Jorge RJ Koifman, Armando A Meyer

Indexed on: 29 Aug '14Published on: 29 Aug '14Published in: American Journal of Industrial Medicine



Abstract

Previous studies have variably shown excess risks of elected cancers among dentists.National Brazilian mortality data were used to obtain mortality patterns among dentists between 1996 and 2004. Cancer mortality odds ratios (MORs) and cancer proportional mortality ratios for all cancer sites were calculated, using the general population and physicians and lawyers as comparison groups.Female dentists from both age strata showed higher risks for breast, colon-rectum, lung, brain, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Compared to physicians and lawyers, higher MOR estimates were observed for brain cancer among female dentists 20-49 yr. Among male dentists, higher cancer mortality was found for colon-rectum, pancreas, lung, melanoma, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Higher risk estimates for liver, prostate, bladder, brain, multiple myeloma and leukemia were observed among 50-79 yr old male dentists.If confirmed, these results indicate the need for limiting occupational exposures among dentists in addition to establishing screening programs to achieve early detection of selected malignant tumors.