Cancer chemotherapy by deoxynucleotide depletion and E2F-1 elevation.

Research paper by Ajin A Wang, Chiang J CJ Li, Prem V PV Reddy, Arthur B AB Pardee

Indexed on: 06 Sep '05Published on: 06 Sep '05Published in: Cancer research


We propose that the lethality of commonly used anticancer drugs, e.g., methotrexate and cis-platinum are due, at least in part, to an increase of the E2F-1-mediated apoptotic cascade. The drugs directly or indirectly decrease deoxynucleoside triphosphates. The E2F family acts to provide control of S phase by transcribing genes required for deoxynucleoside triphosphate and DNA synthesis. Thus, a mechanism for control of E2F-1 is essential, a signal safeguarding against aberrant or uncontrolled cell proliferation. We have proposed a feedback control by NTPs that down-regulates E2F-1. Here, we provide evidence in support of this hypothesis.