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Calprotectin levels in rheumatoid arthritis and their correlation with disease activity: a meta-analysis.

Research paper by Sang-Cheol SC Bae, Young Ho YH Lee

Indexed on: 21 Apr '17Published on: 21 Apr '17Published in: Postgraduate medicine



Abstract

We evaluated the relationship between calprotectin levels and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and the correlation between plasma/serum calprotectin and RA activity.We searched PUBMED, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases and performed meta-analyses comparing plasma/serum or synovial fluid calprotectin levels in RA patients and controls, and correlation coefficients between calprotectin levels and disease activity for 28 joints (DAS28) as well as C-reactive protein (CRP) in RA patients.Sixteen studies including 849 RA patients and 266 controls were available for meta-analysis. Meta-analysis showed that calprotectin levels were significantly higher in the RA group than in the control group (SMD = 2.337, 95% CI = 1.544-3.130, p < 1.0 × 10(-8)). Stratification by rheumatoid factor (RF) status revealed significantly elevated calprotectin levels in the RF-positive RA group compared to that of the RF-negative RA group (SMD = 0.574, 95% CI = 0.345-0.804, p = 9.2 × 10(-7)). Meta-analysis of correlation coefficients identified a significant positive correlation between calprotectin levels and CRP or DAS28 (correlation coefficient for CRP = 0.566, 95% CI = 0.512-0.615, p < 1.0 × 10(-8); correlation coefficient for DAS28 = 0.438, 95% CI = 0.269-0.518, p = 2.5 × 10(-6)). Calprotectin levels in synovial fluid were significantly higher in the RA group than in the control group (SMD = 2.891, 95% CI = 1.067-4.715, p = 0.002).Our meta-analysis demonstrates that circulating and synovial fluid calprotectin levels are high in patients with RA, and that circulating calprotectin levels positively correlate with RA activity.