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C, N, O abundances and carbon isotope ratios in evolved stars of the open clusters Collinder 261 and NGC 6253

Research paper by Šarūnas Mikolaitis, Gražina Tautvaišienė, Raffaele Gratton, Angela Bragaglia, Eugenio Carretta

Indexed on: 29 Mar '12Published on: 29 Mar '12Published in: arXiv - Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics



Abstract

Context. Investigations of abundances of carbon and nitrogen in the atmospheres of evolved stars of open clusters may provide comprehensive information on chemical composition changes caused by stellar evolution. Aims. Our main aim is to increase the number of open clusters with determined carbon-to nitrogen and carbon isotope ratios. Methods. High-resolution spectra were analysed using a differential model atmosphere method. Abundances of carbon were derived using the C_2 Swan (0,1) band head at 5635.5 {\AA} (FEROS spectra) and the C_2 Swan (1,0) band head at 4737 {\AA} (UVES spectra). The wavelength interval 7980-8130 {\AA}, with strong CN features was analysed to determine nitrogen abundances and 12^C/13^C isotope ratios. The oxygen abundances were determined from the [Oi] line at 6300 {\AA}. Results. The average value of 12^C/13^C isotope ratios of Cr 261 is equal to 18 \pm 2 in four giants and to 12 \pm 1 in two clump stars; it is equal to 16 \pm 1 in four clump stars of the open cluster NGC 6253. The mean C/N ratios in Cr 261 and NGC 6253 are equal to 1.67 \pm 0.06 and 1.37 \pm 0.09, respectively. Conclusions. The 12^C/13^C and C/N values in Cr 261 and NGC 6253 within limits of uncertainties agree with the theoretical model of thermohaline-induced mixing as well as with the cool-bottom processing model