Bulbocavernosus muscle flap in the repair of complicated vesicovaginal fistula.

Research paper by Zhishun Z Xu, Qiang Q Fu

Indexed on: 18 Jan '06Published on: 18 Jan '06Published in: International Journal of Urology


To investigate the transposition of the bulbocavernosus muscle flap for repairing complicated vesicovaginal fistulas.Vesicovaginal fistulas were repaired via combined abdominal and perineal approaches. Through an abdominal approach, the fistula and surrounding scar tissue were excised thoroughly. A perineal incision was made between the orifices of the urethra and the vagina, dissecting until the fistula. The vaginal defect was closed through either the abdominal or the perineal approach depending upon its position. Through the abdominal approach, the bladder defect was closed in two layers with the suture lines vertical to each other. The bulbocavernosus muscle was freed through an incision between the labium majus pudendi and the labium minus pudenda, without damaging the pudendal vascular supply. The bulbocavernosus muscle flap was tunneled beneath the labium minus pudendi, and was sutured in place on the bladder wall over the fistula repair site.Nine patients with complicated vesicovaginal fistulas were treated using this technique. After surgery, no symptoms of vagina leakage, urinary incontinence, or urethral stricture were reported by any of the patients, and they reported normal sexual function.Transposition of the bulbocavernosus muscle flap is an excellent technique with low morbidity and high success rate for repairing complicated vesicovaginal fistulas.