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Bread formulated with guava powder was enriched in phenolic and aroma compounds, and was highly acceptable by consumers.

Research paper by Vanessa N VN Castelo-Branco, Mabel G MG Lago, Daniela A DA Minuzzo, Nathália N Moura-Nunes, Alexandre G AG Torres, Juliana C JC Nunes, Mariana M Monteiro

Indexed on: 25 Jan '17Published on: 25 Jan '17Published in: Journal of Food Science and Technology



Abstract

Guava powder (GP) was used as source of aroma and phenolic compounds to fortify wheat bread 10% (GB10) and 20% (GB20), substituting for wheat flour. Phenolic compounds, antioxidant capacity, volatile compounds profile, and sensory acceptability of control bread (CB; without GP) and guava breads (GB) were evaluated. Incorporation of GP increased roughly 2-to-3-fold the phenolic compounds contents of bread. Ten phenolic compounds were identified in GB20, and quercetin-3-O-rutinoside was the major compound, while in CB, ferulic acid was the major among the six phenolic compounds in CB. Bread making seemed to promote the release of phenolic compounds from structural components. Breads incorporated with GP presented a richer volatile profile than CB, especially due to the presence of terpenes. GB improved aroma profile of bread. GP added aroma compounds and phenolic antioxidants, and seemed to be an interesting approach to enhance bread bioactivity and acceptability.