Branch pulmonary artery peel operation in a patient without a native intrapericardial pulmonary artery

Research paper by Hyungtae Kim MD, Si Chan Sung MD, Kwang Ho Choi MD, Hyoung Doo Lee MD, Gil Ho Ban MD, Geena Kim MD, Hee Young Kim MD

Indexed on: 25 Jan '17Published on: 01 Dec '16Published in: Journal of Cardiac Surgery


A patient with pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries without an intrapericardial pulmonary artery (PA) underwent a one-stage total correction, including both branch PA reconstructions, with a bovine pericardial roll at the age of 42 months. She was readmitted 54 months after the operation because of extracardiac conduit bacterial endocarditis and pulmonary infarction. The bovine pericardial roll between the right and left PAs was enucleated, and the surrounding fibrotic tissue (peel) was used as a new branch PA vascular conduit. A cardiac catheterization performed 86 months after the peel operation showed no aneurysmal dilatation, stenosis, or thrombotic occlusion.