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Brain injury after cardiopulmonary arrest and its assessment with diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging.

Research paper by Kevin M KM Barrett, William D WD Freeman, Steven M SM Weindling, Thomas G TG Brott, Daniel F DF Broderick, Michael G MG Heckman, Julia E JE Crook, Gavin D GD Divertie, James F JF Meschia

Indexed on: 04 Jul '07Published on: 04 Jul '07Published in: Mayo Clinic Proceedings



Abstract

To characterize the frequency and pattern of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) abnormalities detected as part of brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and their association with short-term neurologic outcomes in patients successfully resuscitated after cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA).We retrospectively analyzed a case series of patients who experienced CPA between May 1, 2000, and April 29, 2004, at St Luke's Hospital in Jacksonville, Fla. Eligible patients required treatment by the Code Blue team and had 1 DWI study before discharge or death. Two neuroradiologists jointly classified DWI abnormalities by anatomic location. Outcome was measured by Cerebral Performance Category score.Resuscitation was performed 628 times during the 48-month study period. Of 514 CPA survivors, 18 (3.5%) had MRI studies. The median age was 62 years (interquartile range [IQR], 49-73), and 10 were men. Median code duration was 16 minutes (IQR, 11-19 minutes), and median code-to-scan time was 72 hours (IQR, 28-229 hours). A DWI abnormality was noted in 9 (50%) of 18 patients. Cortical areas (global and regional) were the most common sites of restricted diffusion. Diffusion-weighted imaging abnormalities were present in 7 (70%) of 10 patients with a poor neurologic outcome at discharge.Magnetic resonance imaging is performed rarely after survival of CPA. In this study with limited sample size, a greater proportion of patients with normal DWI findings had a good neurologic outcome at the time of hospital discharge vs those with abnormal findings. Prospective studies of early and serial MRI (with DWI) are needed to confirm this association and to clarify the prognostic usefulness of such studies.