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Bradykinin increases Na(+)-K(+) pump activity in cultured guinea-pig tracheal smooth muscle cells.

Research paper by A M AM Dodson, K J KJ Rhoden

Indexed on: 11 Aug '01Published on: 11 Aug '01Published in: British Journal of Pharmacology



Abstract

1. The effect of bradykinin on the Na+-K+ pump of airway smooth muscle was investigated by measuring ouabain-sensitive (86)Rb(+) uptake in cultured guinea-pig tracheal smooth muscle cells. 2. Bradykinin induced a concentration-dependent increase in ouabain-sensitive (86)Rb(+) uptake, with an EC(50) of 3 nM (pD(2) = 8.50+/-0.10). Stimulation was not affected by indomethacin (1 microM) suggesting that it is not mediated by cycloxygenase products of arachidonic acid. 3. The B(1) receptor agonists Lys-des-Arg(9)-bradykinin and des-Arg(9)-bradykinin had no effect on ouabain-sensitive (86)Rb(+) uptake. In contrast, the B(1) and B(2) receptor agonist Lys-bradykinin induced a concentration-dependent increase in ouabain-sensitive (86)Rb(+) uptake with an EC(50) of 6 nM (pD(2) = 8.21 +/- 0.20). 4. The B(1) receptor antagonist des-Arg(10)-HOE 140 (1 microM) had no effect on bradykinin-stimulated ouabain-sensitive (86)Rb(+) uptake. The B(2) receptor antagonists HOE 140 and WIN 64338 antagonized bradykinin-stimulated ouabain-sensitive (86)Rb(+) uptake with pK(B) values (-log M) of 8.20 +/- 0.08 and 8.11 +/- 0.20 respectively. 5. Reducing extracellular Na+ from 146 mM to 11 mM caused a 53.5% decrease in basal ouabain-sensitive (86)Rb+ uptake and abolished bradykinin-induced uptake. Two inhibitors of the Na(+)-H(+) exchanger, methylisobutyl-amiloride (MIA; 1 - 100 microM) and ethylisopropyl-amiloride (EIPA; 0.1 - 10 microM), inhibited bradykinin-stimulated ouabain-sensitive (86)Rb(+) uptake without affecting basal uptake. 6. These results suggest that bradykinin increases Na+-K+ pump activity of guinea-pig tracheal smooth muscle via stimulation of B(2) receptors and activation of the Na+-H+ exchanger.