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[Bouveret syndrome: report of four cases].

Research paper by Armando A Iñíguez, Jean Michel JM Butte, José Miguel JM Zúñiga, Fernando F Crovari, Osvaldo O Llanos

Indexed on: 17 May '08Published on: 17 May '08Published in: Revista medica de Chile



Abstract

Bouveret syndrome is a duodenal obstruction caused by a biliary stone.To report patients with Bouveret syndrome.Retrospective review of medical records of patients with Bouveret syndrome treated between 1976 and 2006.We report three women and one man with a mean age of 62.5 years. None had a previous diagnosis of cholelithiasis. AH presented with colicky pain in the right upper quadrant and vomiting, suggesting gastric retention. The diagnosis was suspected after a barium meal in two patients and with a CT scan on the other two. The endoscopical extraction or fragmentation of stones was attempted in three patients but was successful only in one. Three patients were operated and a stone impacted in the first portion of the duodenum was identified, along with a cholecystoduodenal fistula. A duodenostomy and stone extraction was performed. One patient was subjected to a cholecystectomy fistula repair and gastrojejunoanastomosis. No patient died and all were discharged within 8 to 12 days after surgery.Bouveret syndrome is an uncommon complication of cholelithiasis. Endoscopy can be diagnostic and therapeutic. Surgery is the other therapeutic option.