Bounds on the constant in the mean central limit theorem

Research paper by Larry Goldstein

Indexed on: 19 Oct '10Published on: 19 Oct '10Published in: Mathematics - Probability


Let $X_1,\...,X_n$ be independent with zero means, finite variances $\sigma_1^2,\...,\sigma_n^2$ and finite absolute third moments. Let $F_n$ be the distribution function of $(X_1+\...+X_n)/\sigma$, where $\sigma^2=\sum_{i=1}^n\sigma_i^2$, and $\Phi$ that of the standard normal. The $L^1$-distance between $F_n$ and $\Phi$ then satisfies \[\Vert F_n-\Phi\Vert_1\le\frac{1}{\sigma^3}\sum_{i=1}^nE|X_i|^3.\] In particular, when $X_1,\...,X_n$ are identically distributed with variance $\sigma^2$, we have \[\Vert F_n-\Phi\Vert_1\le\frac{E|X_1|^3}{\sigma^3\sqrt{n}}\qquad for all $n\in\mathbb{N}$,\] corresponding to an $L^1$-Berry--Esseen constant of 1.