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Both TATA box and upstream regions are required for the nopaline synthase promoter activity in transformed tobacco cells

Research paper by Gynheung An, Paul R. Ebert, Bu-Young Yi, Chul-Hi Choi

Indexed on: 01 May '86Published on: 01 May '86Published in: Molecular & general genetics : MGG



Abstract

Using a promoter expression vector system based on the tumor-inducing (Ti) plasmid of Agrobacterium tumefaciens, we have studied the molecular structure of the nopaline synthase (nos) promoter which is active constitutively in transformed plant tissues. The system uses the sensitive and reliable chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) assay for the analysis of promoter strength in plant cells. Two sets of mutants were generated by sequential deletion of the nos promoter region from both 5′ and 3′ ends. These promoter fragments were linked to the cat coding sequence within the expression vector. The strength of the mutant promoters was measured in transformed tobacco calli as CAT activity. 3′ deletions up to-17 bp did not significantly affect the promoter strength. Further deletions into the TATA box region reduced the promoter strength by about ten-fold. Analysis of the 5′ deletion mutants showed that an upstream region is required for the nos promoter activity in addition to the TATA box and CCAAT box regions.