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Borate-nucleotide complex formation depends on charge and phosphorylation state.

Research paper by Danny H DH Kim, Kym F KF Faull, Andrew J AJ Norris, Curtis D CD Eckhert

Indexed on: 30 Jul '04Published on: 30 Jul '04Published in: Biological Mass Spectrometry



Abstract

Flow injection analysis with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry was used to investigate borate-nucleotide complex formation. Solutions containing 100 microM nucleotide and 500 microM boric acid in water-acetonitrile-triethylamine (50:50:0.2, v/v/v; pH 10.3) showed that borate complexation with nicotinamide nucleotides was significantly influenced by the charge on the nicotinamide group and the number of phosphate groups on the adenine ribose. Borate binding decreased in the order of NAD(+), NADH, NADP(+) and NADPH. To investigate the relationship between complex formation and phosphorylation, association constants (K(A)) of borate-adenine (AMP, ADP, ATP), -guanine (GMP, GDP, GTP), -cytidine (CMP, CDP, CTP) and -uridine (UMP, UDP, UTP) complexes were compared. The results showed that the number of nucleotide phosphate groups was inversely proportional to the relative abundance of the borate complexes, with the K(A) of borate-nucleotide complex decreasing in the order mono-, di- and tri-phosphates (AMP approximately GMP approximately CMP approximately UMP > ADP approximately GDP approximately CDP approximately UDP > GTP > ATP approximately CTP approximately UTP). At pH 7.4, using ammonium bicarbonate buffer, only borate-NAD(+) complex was observed. This indicates that the borate-NAD(+) complex may be the most physiologically relevant of those studied.