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Bonded niobium silicide and molybdenum silicide composite articles using semi-solid brazes

Imported: 25 Feb '17 | Published: 01 Jul '03

Melvin Robert Jackson, Bernard Patrick Bewlay, Ji-Cheng Zhao

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

An airfoil having a melting temperature of at least about 1500° C. and comprising a first piece and a second piece joined by a braze to the first piece. The first piece comprises one of a first niobium-based refractory metal intermetallic composite and a first-based refractory metal intermetallic composite, and the second piece comprises one of a second niobium-based refractory metal intermetallic composite and a second molybdenum-based refractory metal intermetallic composite. The braze joining the first piece to the second piece is a semi-solid braze that comprises a first component and a second component. The first component of the semi-solid braze comprises a first element and a second metallic element, wherein the first element is one of titanium, palladium, zirconium, niobium, germanium, silicon, and hafnium, and the second metallic element is a metal selected from the group consisting of titanium, palladium, zirconium, niobium, hafnium, aluminum, chromium, vanadium, platinum, gold, iron, nickel, and cobalt, the second metallic element being different from the first element. The second component has a melting temperature of at least about 1450° C. and comprises one of niobium, molybdenum, titanium, hafnium, silicon, boron, aluminum, tantalum, germanium, vanadium, tungsten, zirconium, and chromium. This abstract is submitted in compliance with 37 C.F.R. 1.72(b) with the understanding that it will not be used to interpret or limit the scope of or meaning of the claims.

Description

LIST OF FIGURES

FIG. 1 is a schematic illustration of a brazed article in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a plot of approximate temperature regimes of the brazing and homogenization operations relative to the melting temperatures and the potential working temperatures of Nb- and Mo-based RIMCs; and

FIG. 3 is a method flow chart in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.

Claims

1. An article having a melting temperature of at least about 1500° C., said article comprising:

2. The article according to claim 1, wherein said first component of said braze comprises between about 30 and about 90 atomic percent titanium with the balance comprising one of palladium, platinum, gold, chromium, cobalt, nickel, and iron.

3. The article according to claim 2, wherein said first component of said braze further comprises at least one additional element selected from the group consisting of silicon, germanium, hafnium, niobium, palladium, platinum, gold, aluminum, chromium, boron, zirconium, iron, cobalt, nickel, and vanadium, and wherein said at least one additional element comprises up to about 20 atomic percent of said first component.

4. The article according to claim 1, wherein said first component of said braze comprises between about 20 and about 85 atomic percent palladium with the balance comprising one of chromium, aluminum, hafnium, zirconium, niobium, and vanadium.

5. The article according to claim 4, wherein said first component of said braze comprises at least one additional element selected from the group consisting of silicon, germanium, hafnium, niobium, platinum, gold, aluminum, chromium, boron, zirconium, titanium, iron, nickel, cobalt, and vanadium, and wherein said at least one additional element comprises up to about 20 atomic percent of said first component.

6. The article according to claim 1, wherein said first component of said braze comprises between about 45 and about 90 atomic percent zirconium with the balance comprising one of platinum and vanadium.

7. The article according to claim 6, wherein said first component of said braze further comprises at least one additional element selected from the group consisting of silicon, germanium, hafnium, niobium, platinum, palladium, gold, aluminum, chromium, boron, titanium, iron, nickel, cobalt, and vanadium, and wherein said at least one additional element comprises up to about 20 atomic percent of said first component.

8. The article according to claim 1, wherein said first component of said braze comprises between about 15 and about 80 atomic percent niobium with the balance comprising a metal selected from the group consisting of iron, nickel, and cobalt.

9. The article according to claim 8, wherein said first component of said braze further comprises at least one additional element selected from the group consisting of silicon, germanium, hafnium, palladium, platinum, gold, aluminum, chromium, boron, titanium, iron, nickel, cobalt, and vanadium, and wherein said at least one additional element comprises up to about 20 atomic percent of said first component.

10. The article according to claim 1, wherein said first component of said braze comprises between about 54 and about 74 atomic percent hafnium with the balance comprising iron.

11. The article according to claim 10, wherein said first component of said braze further comprises at least one additional element selected from the group consisting of palladium, gold, niobium, aluminum, chromium, boron, cobalt, nickel, and vanadium, and wherein said at least one additional element comprises up to about 20 atomic percent of said first component.

12. The article according to claim 1, wherein said first component of said braze comprises one of germanium and silicon, and one of chromium, titanium, gold, aluminum, palladium, platinum, and nickel.

13. The article according to claim 12, wherein said first component of said braze has a melting temperature between about 360° C. and 1430° C.

14. The article according to claim 12, wherein said first component further comprises at least one additional element selected from the group consisting of platinum, palladium, gold, silicon, germanium, titanium, niobium, hafnium, aluminum, iron, cobalt, zirconium, vanadium, chromium, and boron, and wherein said at least one additional element comprises up to about 20 atomic percent of said first component.

15. The article according to claim 1, wherein said melting temperature is at least about 1700° C.

16. The article according to claim 1, wherein said first piece comprises said first niobium-based refractory metal intermetallic composite.

17. The article according to claim 16, wherein said second piece comprises said second niobium-based refractory metal intermetallic composite.

18. The article according to claim 1, wherein said first piece comprises said first molybdenum-based refractory metal intermetallic composite.

19. The article according to claim 18, wherein said second piece comprises said second molybdenum-based refractory metal intermetallic composite.

20. The article according to claim 1, wherein said article is one of an airfoil, a diffuser, a casing, and a seal ring structure.

21. The article according to claim 20, wherein said article has a service temperature of at least about 1000° C.

22. An airfoil having a melting temperature of at least about 1500° C. and a service temperature of at least about 1000° C., said airfoil comprising:

23. The airfoil according to claim 22, wherein said airfoil is a double-walled airfoil.

24. The airfoil according to claim 23, wherein said airfoil is located in a hot gas path of a turbine assembly.

25. The airfoil according to claim 22, wherein said melting temperature is at least about 1700° C.

26. The airfoil according to claim 22, wherein said first piece comprises said first niobium-based refractory metal intermetallic composite.

27. The airfoil according to claim 26, wherein said second piece comprises said second niobium-based refractory metal intermetallic composite.

28. The airfoil according to claim 22, wherein said first piece comprises said first molybdenum-based refractory metal intermetallic composite.

29. The airfoil according to claim 28, wherein said second piece comprises said second molybdenum-based refractory metal intermetallic composite.

30. An airfoil having a melting temperature of at least about 1500° C., said airfoil comprising:

31. The airfoil according to claim 30, wherein said first component of said braze comprises between about 30 and about 90 atomic percent titanium with the balance comprising one of palladium, platinum, gold, chromium, cobalt, nickel, and iron.

32. The airfoil according to claim 31, wherein said first component of said braze further comprises at least one additional element selected from the group consisting of silicon, germanium, hafnium, niobium, palladium, platinum, gold, aluminum, chromium, boron, zirconium, iron, cobalt, nickel, and vanadium, and wherein said at least one additional element comprises up to about 20 atomic percent of said first component.

33. The airfoil according to claim 30, wherein said first component of said braze comprises between about 20 and about 85 atomic percent palladium with the balance comprising one of chromium, aluminum, hafnium, zirconium, niobium, and vanadium.

34. The airfoil according to claim 33, wherein said first component of said braze comprises at least one additional element selected from the group consisting of silicon, germanium, hafnium, niobium, platinum, gold, aluminum, chromium, boron, zirconium, titanium, iron, nickel, cobalt, and vanadium, and wherein said at least one additional element comprises up to about 20 atomic percent of said first component.

35. The airfoil according to claim 30, wherein said first component of said braze comprises between about 45 and about 90 atomic percent zirconium with the balance comprising one of platinum and vanadium.

36. The airfoil according to claim 35, wherein said first component of said braze further comprises at least one additional element selected from the group consisting of silicon, germanium, hafnium, niobium, platinum, palladium, gold, aluminum, chromium, boron, titanium, iron, nickel, cobalt, and vanadium, and wherein said at least one additional element comprises up to about 20 atomic percent of said first component.

37. The airfoil according to claim 30, wherein said first component of said braze comprises between about 15 and about 80 atomic percent niobium with the balance comprising a metal selected from the group consisting of iron, nickel, and cobalt.

38. The airfoil according to claim 37, wherein said first component of said braze further comprises at least one additional element selected from the group consisting of silicon, germanium, hafnium, palladium, platinum, gold, aluminum, chromium, boron, titanium, iron, nickel, cobalt, and vanadium, and wherein said at least one additional element comprises up to about 20 atomic percent of said first component.

39. The airfoil according to claim 30, wherein said first component of said braze comprises between about 54 and about 74 atomic percent hafnium with the balance comprising iron.

40. The airfoil according to claim 39, wherein said first component of said braze further comprises at least one additional element selected from the group consisting of palladium, gold, niobium, aluminum, chromium, boron, cobalt, nickel, and vanadium, and wherein said at least one additional element comprises up to about 20 atomic percent of said first component.

41. The airfoil according to claim 30, wherein said first component of said braze comprises one of germanium and silicon, and one of chromium, titanium, gold, aluminum, palladium, platinum, and nickel.

42. The airfoil according to claim 41, wherein said first component of said braze has a melting temperature between about 360° C. and 1430° C.

43. The airfoil according to claim 41, wherein said first component further comprises at least one additional element selected from the group consisting of platinum, palladium, gold, silicon, germanium, titanium, niobium, hafnium, aluminum, iron, cobalt, zirconium, vanadium, chromium, and boron, and wherein said at least one additional element comprises up to about 20 atomic percent of said first component.

44. The airfoil according to claim 30, wherein said airfoil is a double-walled airfoil.

45. The airfoil according to claim 30, wherein said airfoil is located in a hot gas path of a turbine assembly.

46. The airfoil according to claim 30, wherein said melting temperature is at least about 1700° C.

47. The airfoil according to claim 30, wherein said first piece comprises said first niobium-based refractory metal intermetallic composite.

48. The airfoil according to claim 47, wherein said second piece comprises said second niobium-based refractory metal intermetallic composite.

49. The airfoil according to claim 30, wherein said first piece comprises said first molybdenum-based refractory metal intermetallic composite.

50. The airfoil according to claim 49, wherein said second piece comprises said second molybdenum-based refractory metal intermetallic composite.

51. The airfoil according to claim 30, wherein said airfoil has a service temperature of at least about 1000° C.

52. A turbine assembly having at least one component, said at least one component having a melting temperature of at least about 1500° C. and comprising:

53. The turbine assembly according to claim 52, wherein said at least one component is one of an airfoil, a diffuser, a casing, and a seal ring structure.

54. The turbine assembly to claim 52, wherein said at least one component has a service temperature of at least about 1000° C.

55. A method of making an article, the article having a melting temperature of at least about 1500° C. and comprising a first piece and a second piece that are joined together by a braze, wherein the first piece and second piece each comprise one of a niobium-based refractory metal intermetallic composite and a molybdenum-based refractory metal intermetallic composite, wherein the niobium-based refractory metal intermetallic composite comprises titanium, hafnium, silicon, chromium, and niobium and the molybdenum-based refractory metal intermetallic composite comprises molybdenum, silicon, and at least one of chromium and boron, the method comprising the steps of:

56. The method of claim 55, wherein the step of providing a braze to the interface between the first piece and the second piece comprises providing a braze in which the first component comprises between about 30 and about 90 atomic percent titanium with the balance comprising one of palladium, platinum, gold, chromium, cobalt, nickel, and iron.

57. The method of claim 56, wherein the first component of the braze further comprises at least one additional element selected from the group consisting of silicon, germanium, hafnium, niobium, palladium, platinum, gold, aluminum, chromium, boron, zirconium, iron, cobalt, nickel, and vanadium, and wherein the at least one additional element comprises up to about 20 atomic percent of the first component.

58. The method of claim 55, wherein the step of providing a braze to the interface between the first piece and the second piece comprises providing a braze in which the first component comprises between about 20 and about 85 atomic percent palladium with the balance comprising one of chromium, aluminum, hafnium, zirconium, niobium, and vanadium.

59. The method of claim 58, wherein the first component of the braze further comprises at least one additional element selected from the group consisting of silicon, germanium, hafnium, niobium, platinum, gold, aluminum, chromium, boron, zirconium, titanium, iron, nickel, cobalt, and vanadium, and wherein the at least one additional element comprises up to about 20 atomic percent of the first component.

60. The method of claim 55, wherein the step of providing a braze to the interface between the first piece and the second piece comprises providing a braze having a first component comprising between about 45 and about 90 atomic percent zirconium with the balance comprising one of platinum and vanadium.

61. The method of claim 60, wherein the first component of the braze further comprises at least one additional element selected from the group consisting of silicon, germanium, hafnium, niobium, platinum, palladium, gold, aluminum, chromium, boron, titanium, iron, nickel, cobalt, and vanadium, and wherein the at least one additional element comprises up to about 20 atomic percent of the first component.

62. The method of claim 55, wherein the step of providing a braze to the interface between the first piece and the second piece comprises providing a braze having a first component comprising between about 15 and about 80 atomic percent niobium with the balance comprising a metal selected from the group consisting of iron, nickel, and cobalt.

63. The method of claim 62, wherein the first component of the braze further comprises at least one additional element selected from the group consisting of silicon, germanium, hafnium, palladium, platinum, gold, aluminum, chromium, boron, titanium, iron, nickel, cobalt, and vanadium, and wherein said at least one additional element comprises up to about 20 atomic percent of said first component.

64. The method of claim 55, wherein the step of providing a braze to the interface between the first piece and the second piece comprises providing a braze having a first component comprising between about 15 and about 80 atomic percent hafnium with the balance comprising iron.

65. The method of claim 64, wherein the first component of the braze further comprises at least one additional element selected from the group consisting of palladium, gold, niobium, aluminum, chromium, boron, cobalt, nickel, and vanadium, and wherein said at least one additional element comprises up to about 20 atomic percent of said first component.

66. The method of claim 55, wherein the step of providing a braze to the interface between the first piece and the second piece comprises providing a braze having a first component comprising one of germanium and silicon, and one of chromium, titanium, gold, aluminum, palladium, platinum, and nickel.

67. The method of claim 66, wherein the first component of the braze has a melting temperature between about 360° C. and 1430° C.

68. The method of claim 67, wherein the first component of the braze further comprises at least one additional element selected from the group consisting of platinum, palladium, gold, silicon, germanium, titanium, niobium, hafnium, aluminum, iron, cobalt, zirconium, vanadium, chromium, and boron, and wherein the at least one additional element comprises up to about 20 atomic percent of the first component.

69. The method of claim 55, wherein the article is one of an airfoil, a diffuser, a casing, and a seal ring structure.

70. The method of claim 69, wherein the article is an airfoil.

71. The method of claim 70, wherein the airfoil is a double-walled airfoil.

72. The method of claim 55, wherein the article has a melting temperature of at least about 1700° C.