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Blood urea nitrogen and serum bicarbonate in extremely low birth weight infants receiving higher protein intake in the first week after birth.

Research paper by M M Balakrishnan, R R Tucker, B E BE Stephens, J M JM Bliss

Indexed on: 12 Feb '11Published on: 12 Feb '11Published in: Journal of Perinatology



Abstract

To determine correlation between early protein administration and serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN) or bicarbonate (HCO(3)(-)) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants during the first week of life.A retrospective review of 154 ELBWs was conducted. Laboratory and nutritional data from postnatal days 1, 4 and 7 were collected. Repeated measures models estimated the relationship of protein intake with BUN and HCO(3)(-) in the first week of life.In total, 359 separate BUN and HCO(3)(-) values were analyzed. Each gram per kilogram of protein administered was associated with an increase in mean BUN of 3.3 mg/dl. This effect decreased daily by 2.1 mg/dl. Each gram per kilogram of protein administered was associated with a decrease in mean HCO(3)(-) by 0.9 mmol/l.The association between protein load and BUN is positive but decreasing over time. Protein is associated with a clinically insignificant decrease in HCO(3)(-). Concerns regarding metabolic derangement from early protein administration in ELBWs are unwarranted.