Indexed on: 24 Jul '10Published on: 24 Jul '10Published in: American journal of epidemiology
The authors examined the association between circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) (25(OH)D(3)), the best indicator of total vitamin D exposure, and incident, sporadic colorectal adenoma risk in a pooled analysis of primary data from 3 colonoscopy-based case-control studies conducted in Minnesota, North Carolina, and South Carolina between 1991 and 2002. The pooled study included 616 colorectal adenoma cases and 770 polyp-free controls. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate the association between circulating 25(OH)D(3) and colorectal adenoma risk. Stratified analyses and the likelihood ratio test were used to examine effect modification by various risk factors. In the pooled analysis, higher circulating 25(OH)D(3) concentrations were statistically significantly associated with decreased colorectal adenoma risk (highest vs. lowest quartile odds ratio = 0.59, 95% confidence interval: 0.41, 0.84). The observed inverse association was stronger among participants who used nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs regularly (highest vs. lowest quartile odds ratio = 0.33, 95% confidence interval: 0.19, 0.56). Inverse associations between 25(OH)D(3) and colorectal adenoma did not differ substantially by other risk factors or by adenoma characteristics. These findings support the hypothesis that greater vitamin D exposure may reduce the risk of colorectal adenoma and suggest that it may do so more strongly in combination with antiinflammatory agents.