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Blocky inversion of multichannel elastic impedance for elastic parameters

Research paper by Davoud Karami Mozayan, Ali Gholami; Hamid Reza Siahkoohi

Indexed on: 24 Apr '18Published on: 26 Feb '18Published in: Journal of Applied Geophysics



Abstract

Publication date: Available online 6 February 2018 Source:Journal of Applied Geophysics Author(s): Davoud Karami Mozayan, Ali Gholami, Hamid Reza Siahkoohi Petrophysical description of reservoirs requires proper knowledge of elastic parameters like P- and S-wave velocities (V p and V s ) and density (ρ), which can be retrieved from pre-stack seismic data using the concept of elastic impedance (EI). We propose an inversion algorithm which recovers elastic parameters from pre-stack seismic data in two sequential steps. In the first step, using the multichannel blind seismic inversion method (exploited recently for recovering acoustic impedance from post-stack seismic data), high-resolution blocky EI models are obtained directly from partial angle-stacks. Using an efficient total-variation (TV) regularization, each angle-stack is inverted independently in a multichannel form without prior knowledge of the corresponding wavelet. The second step involves inversion of the resulting EI models for elastic parameters. Mathematically, under some assumptions, the EI’s are linearly described by the elastic parameters in the logarithm domain. Thus a linear weighted least squares inversion is employed to perform this step. Accuracy of the concept of elastic impedance in predicting reflection coefficients at low and high angles of incidence is compared with that of exact Zoeppritz elastic impedance and the role of low frequency content in the problem is discussed. The performance of the proposed inversion method is tested using synthetic 2D data sets obtained from the Marmousi model and also 2D field data sets. The results confirm the efficiency and accuracy of the proposed method for inversion of pre-stack seismic data.