Indexed on: 21 Apr '05Published on: 21 Apr '05Published in: Mathematics - Dynamical Systems
We consider the Hamiltonian coupled-mode system that occur in nonlinear optics, photonics, and atomic physics. Spectral stability of gap solitons is determined by eigenvalues of the linearized coupled-mode system, which is equivalent to a four-by-four Dirac system with sign-indefinite metric. In the special class of symmetric nonlinear potentials, we construct a block-diagonal representation of the linearized equations, when the spectral problem reduces to two coupled two-by-two Dirac systems. The block-diagonalization is used in numerical computations of eigenvalues that determine stability of gap solitons.