Indexed on: 26 Oct '18Published on: 26 Oct '18Published in: Peptides
Bj-PRO-7a and Bj-PRO-10c belong to a family of proline-rich oligopeptides (PROs) identified in Bothrops jararaca (Bj) crude venom. Previous studies have shown an antihypertensive effect evoked by theses peptides. However, the mechanisms underlying the direct effects on vessels and heart remain to be unraveled. Thus, we investigated the effect of the Bj-PRO-7a and Bj-PRO-10c in the aorta and coronary arteries and in cardiac contractility in normotensive (Wistar) and hypertensive (SHR) rats. Pre-constricted aortic rings were exposed to increasing concentrations of Bj-PROs in presence or absence of muscarinic type 1 receptor antagonist (Pirenzepine), nonselective muscarinic receptor antagonist (Atropine), nitric oxide synthase inhibitor (L-NAME), guanylyl cyclase inhibitor (ODQ), adenylyl cyclase inhibitor (MDL), or argininosuccinate synthetase inhibitor (MDLA). The effects of Bj-PROs in the cardiac contractility and coronary vasomotricity were evaluated using Langendorff perfused heart preparation. The rat hearts were perfused with Bj-PRO-7a or Bj-PRO-10c in absence or presence of L-NAME, ODQ or MDL. Both Bj-PROs induced endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in aortic rings from Wistars and SHRs. These effects were inhibited by L-NAME, ODQ or MDL. Atropine and Pirenzepine blocked the vasorelaxant effect of Bj-PRO-7a in aorta from both strains. MDLA inhibited the Bj-PRO-10c-induced vasorelaxation in aortic rings from SHR, but not Wistar. The Bj-PRO-7a induced coronary vasodilation only in SHR. L-NAME, ODQ and MDL inhibited this effect. Bj-PRO-10c induced coronary vasodilatation in both strains, which was blocked by L-NAME, ODQ and MDL. Bj-PRO-7a decreased the dP/dt max in Wistar hearts and the dP/dt min in Wistar and SHR hearts. These effects were abolished by L- NAME. Bj-PRO-10c decreased dP/dt max and dP/dt min in hearts from normotensive and hypertensive animals, which were abolished in the presence of L-NAME, MDL and ODQ. In summary, the Bj-PROs induced endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in rat thoracic aorta, coronary vasodilation and negative inotropic effects through mechanisms mediated by activation of nitric oxide pathway. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.