Imported: 23 Feb '17 | Published: 22 Oct '02
USPTO - Utility Patents
A liquid crystal display includes front and rear insulating substrates, each having inner and outer surfaces. The inner surface of the rear substrate faces the inner surface of the front substrate. A transparent electrode is formed on the inner surface of the front substrate, and a mirror electrode made with a reflective material is formed on the inner surface of the rear substrate. A polarizer is attached on the outer surface of the front substrate, and homogeneously aligning films are coated on the transparent and the mirror electrodes, followed by rubbing unidirectionally. A liquid crystal layer is interposed between the homogeneously aligning films on the two substrates. The liquid crystal layer is composed of a nematic liquid crystal material which has positive dielectric anisotropy and a chiral dopant to have a twisted structure. The molecular director in the liquid crystal layer is initially in the -twisted state. When a high reset voltage is applied to the liquid crystal display, the molecular director is rearranged in a homeotropically deformed state. A selection voltage lower than the reset voltage is applied to obtain one of the zero-twisted state and the -twisted state. Thereafter, a data voltage is applied for enhancing electro-optic characteristics.
1. A liquid crystal display comprising:
2. A liquid crystal display comprising:
3. A liquid crystal display comprising: