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Biomechanical evaluation of macro and micro designed screw-type implants: an insertion torque and removal torque study in rabbits.

Research paper by Ramesh R Chowdhary, Ryo R Jimbo, Christian C Thomsen, Lennart L Carlsson, Ann A Wennerberg

Indexed on: 14 Dec '11Published on: 14 Dec '11Published in: Clinical Oral Implants Research



Abstract

To investigate the combined effect of macro and pitch shortened threads on primary and secondary stability during healing, but before dynamic loading.Two sets of turned implants with different macro geometry were prepared. The test group possessed pitch shortened threads in between the large threads and the control group did not have thread alterations. The two implant groups were placed in both femur and tibiae of 10 lop-eared rabbits, and at the time of implant insertion, insertion torques were recorded. After 4 weeks, all implants were subjected to removal torque tests.The insertion torque values for the control and test groups for the tibia were 15.7 and 20.6 Ncm, respectively, and for the femur, 11.8, and 12.8 Ncm respectively. The removal torque values for the control and test groups in the tibia were 7.9 and 9.1 Ncm, respectively, and for the femur, 7.9 and 7.7 Ncm respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the control and test groups.Under limited dynamic load, the addition of pitch shortened threads did not significantly improve either the primary or the secondary stability of the implants in bone.