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Biofilm-Forming Potential of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Clinical Mastitis Cases in New Zealand.

Research paper by Shirli S Notcovich, Gina G DeNicolo, Steve H SH Flint, Norman B NB Williamson, Kristene K Gedye, Alex A Grinberg, Nicolas N Lopez-Villalobos

Indexed on: 20 Jan '18Published on: 20 Jan '18Published in: Veterinary sciences



Abstract

Biofilm formation is of growing concern in human and animal health. However, it is still unclear how biofilms are related to mastitis infections in dairy cattle. In this study, a comparison between two tests for biofilm formation and the association between biofilm and the presence of genes associated with biofilm formation were investigated for 92 Staphylococcus aureus isolates from clinical mastitis cases. Congo red agar (CRA) and microtitre test assay (MTA) in vitro phenotypic tests were used to evaluate biofilm formation. The presence of icaA, icaD, and bap genes associated with biofilm formation was confirmed using the polymerase chain reaction. Results show that most of the S. aureus isolates, though not possessing one of the biofilm-forming genes, were able to produce biofilms. MTA was more frequently positive in identifying biofilm-forming isolates than CRA.