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Binding specificity of an alpha-helical protein sequence to a full-length Hsp70 chaperone and its minimal substrate-binding domain.

Research paper by Carolina A CA Vega, Neşe N Kurt, Zhongjing Z Chen, Stefan S Rüdiger, Silvia S Cavagnero

Indexed on: 16 Nov '06Published on: 16 Nov '06Published in: Biochemistry



Abstract

Hsp70 chaperones are involved in the prevention of misfolding, and possibly the folding, of newly synthesized proteins. The members of this chaperone family are capable of interacting with polypeptide chains both co- and posttranslationally, but it is currently not clear how different structural domains of the chaperone affect binding specificity. We explored the interactions between the bacterial Hsp70, DnaK, and the sequence of a model all-alpha-helical globin (apoMb) by cellulose-bound peptide scanning. The binding specificity of the full-length chaperone was compared with that of its minimal substrate-binding domain, DnaK-beta. Six specific chaperone binding sites evenly distributed along the apoMb sequence were identified. Binding site locations are identical for the full-length chaperone and its substrate-binding domain, but relative affinities differ. The binding specificity of DnaK-beta is only slightly decreased relative to that of full-length DnaK. DnaK's binding motif is known to comprise hydrophobic regions flanked by positively charged residues. We found that the simple fractional mean buried area correlates well with Hsp70's binding site locations along the apoMb sequence. In order to further characterize the properties of the minimal binding host, the stability of DnaK-beta upon chemical denaturation by urea and protons was investigated. Urea unfolding titrations yielded an apparent folding DeltaG degrees of 3.1 +/- 0.9 kcal mol-1 and an m value of 1.7 +/- 0.4 kcal mol-1 M-1.