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Bimodality and scaling in recurrence networks from ECG data

Research paper by Sneha Kachhara, G. Ambika

Indexed on: 07 Nov '19Published on: 04 Nov '19Published in: Europhysics letters



Abstract

Human heart is a complex system that can be studied using its electrical activity recorded as Electrocardiogram (ECG). Any variations or anomalies in the ECG can indicate abnormalities in the cardiac dynamics. In this work, we present a detailed analysis of ECG data using the framework of recurrence networks (RNs). We show how the measures of the recurrence networks constructed from ECG data sets, can quantify the complexity and variability underlying the data. Our study shows for the first time that the RNs from ECG show the unique feature of bimodality in their degree distribution. We relate this to the complex dynamics underlying the cardiac system, with structures at two spatial scales. We also show that there is relevant information to be extracted from the scaling of measures with recurrence threshold ε . Thus we observe two scaling regions in the link density for ECG data which are compared with scaling in RNs from standard chaotic and hyperchaotic systems and noise...