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Bication lead iodide 2D perovskite component to stabilize inorganic α-CsPbI3 perovskite phase for high-efficiency solar cells.

Research paper by Taiyang T Zhang, M Ibrahim MI Dar, Ge G Li, Feng F Xu, Nanjie N Guo, Michael M Grätzel, Yixin Y Zhao

Indexed on: 05 Oct '17Published on: 05 Oct '17Published in: Science advances



Abstract

Among various all-inorganic halide perovskites exhibiting better stability than organic-inorganic halide perovskites, α-CsPbI3 with the most suitable band gap for tandem solar cell application faces an issue of phase instability under ambient conditions. We discovered that a small amount of two-dimensional (2D) EDAPbI4 perovskite containing the ethylenediamine (EDA) cation stabilizes the α-CsPbI3 to avoid the undesirable formation of the nonperovskite δ phase. Moreover, not only the 2D perovskite of EDAPbI4 facilitate the formation of α-CsPbI3 perovskite films exhibiting high phase stability at room temperature for months and at 100°C for >150 hours but also the α-CsPbI3 perovskite solar cells (PSCs) display highly reproducible efficiency of 11.8%, a record for all-inorganic lead halide PSCs. Therefore, using the bication EDA presents a novel and promising strategy to design all-inorganic lead halide PSCs with high performance and reliability.