Indexed on: 09 Aug '12Published on: 09 Aug '12Published in: Bioconjugate Chemistry
In order to improve the selectivity of 5-N-methyl quindoline (cryptolepine) derivatives as telomeric quadruplex binding ligands versus duplex DNA, a series of peptidyl-benzofuroquinoline (P-BFQ) conjugates (2a-2n) were designed and synthesized. Their interactions with telomeric quadruplex and duplex DNA were examined by using the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) melting assay, surface plasmon resonance (SPR), circular dichroism spectroscopy (CD), and molecular modeling studies. Introduction of a peptidyl group at 11-position of the aromatic benzofuroquinoline scaffold not only effectively increased its binding affinity, but also significantly improved its selectivity toward telomeric quadruplex versus duplex DNA. Combined with the data for their inhibitory effects on telomerase activity, their structure-activity relationships (SARs) studies showed that the types of amino acid residues and the length of the peptidyl side chains were important for the improvement of their interactions with the telomeric G-quadruplex. Long-term exposure of human cancer cells to 2c showed a remarkable cessation in population growth and cellular senescence phenotype, and accompanied by a shortening of the telomere length.