Bending modified J–Q theory and crack-tip constraint quantification

Research paper by Xian-Kui Zhu, Brian N. Leis

Indexed on: 01 Sep '06Published on: 01 Sep '06Published in: International Journal of Fracture


It is well known that the J–Q theory can characterize the crack-tip fields and quantify constraint levels for various geometry and loading configurations in elastic–plastic materials, but it fails at bending-dominant large deformation. This drawback seriously restricts its applications to fracture constraint analysis. A modification of J–Q theory is developed as a three-term solution with an additional term to address the global bending stress to offset this restriction. The nonlinear bending stress is approximately linearized in the region of interest under large-scale yielding (LSY), with the linearization factor determined using a two-point matching method at each loading for a specific cracked geometry in bending. To validate the proposed solution, detailed elastic–plastic finite element analysis (FEA) is conducted under plane strain conditions for three conventional bending specimens with different crack lengths for X80 pipeline steel. These include single edge notched bend (SENB), single edge notched tension (SENT) and compact tension (CT) specimens from small-scale yielding (SSY) to LSY. Results show that the bending modified J–Q solution can well match FEA results of crack-tip stress fields for all bending specimens at all deformation levels from SSY to LSY, with the modified Q being a load- and distance-independent constraint parameter under LSY. Therefore, the modified parameter Q can be effectively used to quantify crack-tip constraint for bending geometries. Its application to fracture constraint analysis is demonstrated by determining constraint corrected J–R curves.